It really happened: Five true stories turned into novels

Sir Anthony Blunt
Sir Anthony Blunt, British art historian, was stripped of his knighthood in later life after being exposed as a Soviet Spy.
Express/Getty Images 1962

From serial killers to killer whales, these authors plucked inspiration from the past.

Five novels based on incredible true stories

1) "Quiet Dell" by Jayne Anne Phillips

Mug shot of Harry Powers
Police in Dayton, Ohio took Harry Powers' mug shot in 1920, ten years before his continued crimes were discovered.
Public domain via Wikipedia

Quiet Dell is a small town in West Virginia with a dark legacy: In the 1920s, it was home to the serial killer Harry Powers. Powers lured victims through personal ads placed in Lonely Hearts Magazine.

His ads drew quite the response. According to The Charleston Gazette, Powers received 10 to 20 letters a day from women looking for love. Those he responded to, however, weren't in for a happy ending.

His crimes were uncovered in 1931 and he was hanged in 1932.

Phillips' novel transforms Powers' victims from historical footnotes into fully fleshed-out characters. She imagines the lives that led each of them down the fateful path to Quiet Dell.

2) "The Untouchable" by John Banville

Anthony Blunt
Anthony Blunt, art historian to the British Queen and an admitted spy for the Soviets, sat a press conference in 1980, soon after his activities were revealed to the public.
Aubrey Hart | Getty Images

Anthony Blunt had quite the life. A revered art historian, he curated the British royalty family's private art collection — Queen Elizabeth II even knighted him for his contributions to culture. Then, in 1964, Blunt confessed to spying for the Soviets.

Blunt was a member of the Cambridge Five, a ring of spies recruited from Cambridge University to pass information to the Soviet Union. In exchange for the names of other spies, British Intelligence agreed to keep Blunt's confession a secret.

His charmed life continued for another decade, until Margaret Thatcher revealed his actions to the public in 1979. Blunt was stripped of his title and made a tearful televised confession on the BBC.

His story captivated John Banville, who created a fictionalized version of Blunt for his novel "The Untouchable."

3) "Alias Grace" by Margaret Atwood

In 1843, a wealthy farmer and his housekeeper were murdered in Ontario, Canada; the story quickly became a media sensation. The estate's stablehand and its 16-year-old maid, Grace Marks, were tried and convicted for the crime.

Marks was sentenced to death but was instead committed to an asylum; after 30 years, she was pardoned and released. She moved to upstate New York and disappeared from history.

Atwood picks apart the pieces of the infamous murder in her novel, which she writes from Grace's point of view.

'The Man Who Walked Away' by Maud Casey
'The Man Who Walked Away' by Maud Casey
Courtesy of Bloomsbury

4) "The Man Who Walked Away" by Maud Casey

Jean-Albert Dadas, a laborer from Bordeaux, France, in the 1800s, had a curious habit of showing up in foreign places with no memory of how he'd gotten there. Dadas was discovered in Prague, Vienna and other far-flung cities, all after setting out from his home on foot. He was known to walk up to 35 miles a day.

Philippe Tissie, a medical student at the time, wrote his dissertation on Dadas' dromomania — his uncontrollable urge to wander. The novelist Maud Casey takes the story from there, following a fictionalized version of Dadas as he walks and walks and walks...

5) "Moby-Dick" by Herman Melville

'Dangers of the Whale Fishery'
A pamphlet from 1820 warned of the 'Dangers of the Whale Fishery.'
Public domain via Wikipedia

It's a whale of a tale and it's partly true.

Herman Melville drew heavily from his own experience on whaling voyages when he wrote "Moby-Dick," but a real-life catastrophe at sea captured his imagination.

In 1820, a thousand miles from shore, the first mate aboard the Essex whaling ship caught sight of something large in the water. It was a sperm whale, reportedly 85 feet long, headed straight for the Essex. The whale rammed the side of the ship and then circled back, striking it again at the bow.

"I could distinctly see him smite his jaws together, as if distracted with rage and fury," the first mate later recalled of the whale.

The whale's assaults left the Essex in splinters and taking on water. The damage was irreparable. The crew abandoned the ship for the smaller whaling boats, but this was only the beginning of their troubles.

The survivors drifted for 89 days at sea, eventually turning to cannibalism. Only five men survived, including the captain, who Melville later met in Nantucket. "To the islanders he was a nobody," Melville wrote, "To me, the most impressive man, tho' wholly unassuming, even humble, that I ever encountered."

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