Updated: 10:56 a.m. | Posted: 5:35 a.m.
Lawmakers assailed Environmental Protection Agency chief Scott Pruitt on Thursday for the ethics and spending scandals that have prompted bipartisan calls for his ouster. On the defensive, the EPA chief said "half-truths" and "twisted" allegations were an effort to undermine the Trump administration's anti-regulatory agenda.
The public grilling at a House hearing came as support has eroded for Pruitt among fellow Republicans after a nearly monthlong hammering of negative headlines about outsized security spending, first-class flights and a sweetheart condo lease. Even Republicans who heartily support Pruitt's policy agenda said his apparent lapses had to be put under scrutiny.
Democrats excoriated him as the hearing opened. "You are unfit to hold public office," said Rep. Frank Pallone of New Jersey. Rep. Paul Tonko said of the allegations, "the more we have learned, the worse they get," and told Pruitt he was "never fit for this job."
Republican Rep. John Shimkus of Illinois, chairman of the panel questioning Pruitt, called the allegations a "distraction but one this committee cannot ignore."
Republicans on the panel, though, generally rallied in Pruitt's defense, as with Rep. Bill Johnson of Ohio saying, "It's shameful that this day has turned into a personal attack."
President Trump has continued to stand by his EPA chief, but behind closed doors, White House officials concede Pruitt's job is in serious jeopardy. In the last week, a growing list of Republican lawmakers has joined the chorus of Democrats calling for new investigations into Pruitt's actions.
Pruitt only addressed the allegations in passing in his opening statement, acknowledging merely that "there's been a learning process," and adding, "Facts are facts, fiction is fiction."
Pruitt faced back-to-back hearings Thursday, called formally to consider EPA's budget.
Pruitt has faced a steady trickle of revelations involving pricey trips in first-class seats and unusual security spending, including a $43,000 soundproof booth for making private phone calls. He also demanded 24-hour-a-day protection from armed officers, resulting in a swollen, 20-member security detail that blew through overtime budgets and racked up expenses approaching $3 million.
The EPA chief acknowledged under sharp questioning that he in fact knew something about huge pay raises given to two women on his staff after insisting weeks ago that he didn't approve the raises and didn't know who did. After that initial denial, documents showed EPA chief of staff Ryan Jackson signed off on the raises and indicated he had Pruitt's consent.
Pruitt said Thursday he actually delegated authority to Jackson to give the raises but didn't know the exact amounts. Senior legal counsel Sarah Greenwalt received raises of more than $66,000, bringing her salary to $164,200, and scheduling director Millian Hupp saw her salary jump to $114,590, from $48,000.
White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said officials were "evaluating these concerns and we expect the EPA administrator to answer for them."
Pruitt in the past has often sought to deflect questions about any missteps by blaming his subordinates.
Asked about his frequent use of premium-class airfare in February media interviews, Pruitt said, "I'm not involved in any of those decisions." The administrator said his security chief made the decision for him to fly in first class after an unpleasant interaction with another traveler raised safety concerns.
Pruitt's troubles began in earnest last month, when ABC News first reported he had leased a Capitol Hill condo last year for just $50 a night that was co-owned by the wife of a veteran fossil fuels lobbyist whose firm had sought regulatory rollbacks from EPA.
Both Pruitt and the lobbyist, Steven Hart, denied he had conducted any recent business with EPA. But Hart was forced to admit last week he had met with Pruitt at EPA headquarters last summer after his firm, Williams & Jensen, revealed he had lobbied the agency on a required federal disclosure form.
EPA's press office has declined to discuss the meeting.
Thursday's hearings will be Pruitt's first major appearance since a Fox News interview in early April that was widely considered to be disastrous within the West Wing.
Pressed on reports of significant raises awarded to two close aides he had brought with him to EPA from Oklahoma, Pruitt denied having any role in the decision. Documents later showed Pruitt's chief of staff signed off on the pay increases, indicating he had the administrator's consent.
A lawyer and former Oklahoma attorney general, Pruitt is known to meticulously prepare for congressional hearings, with his office schedule showing he often blocks off hours huddled with top political aides.
An administration official confirmed that Pruitt declined an offer of White House assistance in preparing for the latest congressional hearings. The official spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss sensitive internal conversations.
Environmental groups opposed to Pruitt's efforts to gut anti-pollution regulations have attempted to ramp up the pressure this week, paying for TV ads attacking Pruitt to be aired during the "Fox & Friends" morning show on Fox News. Trump is known to be a devoted viewer.
Republican Sens. John Barrasso of Wyoming and John Thune of South Dakota said before the hearings that Pruitt faces "serious questions" about his use of taxpayer money.
"I want to make sure taxpayers are getting value for their dollars, make sure money is being spent appropriately. So there continue to be serious questions," said Barrasso, chairman of the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee. "We'll see what comes out of the hearings."