The makers of TurboTax have long been luring customers into paying for a service that they promised the government they'd give away for free. Now they're lying to customers to avoid giving refunds.
We've heard from 16 people who say they were denied refunds and told that the truly free version — Free File — is a government product that's not run by TurboTax. Ten others reported being told that ProPublica's stories were inaccurate, or that our coverage is "fake news" or "fictitious."
None of that is true.
TurboTax's Free File product is created and run by the company. It is offered as part of a deal between the tax software industry and the government. The deal is specifically designed to keep the IRS from creating its own free online filing system.
Several people gave us recordings of their calls.
Here's audio from one caller, a graduate student in Virginia whose income was around $16,000 — meaning he easily qualified for TurboTax's Free File. He was charged $105.
The graduate student asked the agent why there were no links to the actual free version — Free File — on the TurboTax website:
TurboTax Agent: "Because it is an IRS product we built for them."
Caller: "But you guys are the ones managing it right?"
TurboTax Agent: "No, the IRS is the one managing it."
We gave the recording to Intuit, which makes TurboTax, but a spokesperson did not answer questions about the call. He said in a statement, "We will look into this directly with the agent." Intuit has repeatedly declined to answer questions about its refund policy.
Other readers also reported being told that TurboTax was not responsible for Free File.
"They said their free service is actually owned by IRS, not them," said Becky from California.
Anna from Massachusetts said that a supervisor told her that Free File is "a government product that is simply branded as TurboTax."
Christopher from Virginia said he was told "that the IRS uses the Turbo Tax platform for Free File but that TurboTax is not responsible for it."
Laurie from Washington said she was told by a TurboTax agent that ProPublica was going to run a retraction. (Our stories are accurate, so there's nothing to retract.) Laurie was charged $130 by TurboTax. Her adjusted gross income was just $376.
An Intuit spokesperson previously said that no material provided to call agents included "derogatory terms about ProPublica."
Other callers said that Intuit representatives told them the company has not given anyone a refund. That is also false.
The two suits, which cite ProPublica's reporting, demand that the companies pay penalties and restitution for deceiving customers.
"Low-income people without someone to stand up for them have not been able to take advantage of what should be a free service," City Attorney Mike Feuer said in an interview. "That's wrong."
He noted the suit was filed under the same law as his office's high-profile case against Wells Fargo.
Asked about the lawsuit, an H&R Block spokesperson said the company "is proud to have helped millions of Americans with our four free tax filing options." An Intuit spokesperson said in a statement: "Any suggestion that Intuit does not support the IRS Free File Program is flat wrong. We stand behind our actions as being both appropriate and consistent with our values."
Have You Asked TurboTax for a Refund? Tell ProPublica.
ProPublica is a Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative newsroom. Sign up for The Big Story newsletter to receive stories like this one in your inbox.