Explainer: What judge will weigh in sentencing Kimberly Potter in Daunte Wright's killing

Daunte Wright Officer Trial
In this screenshot from video, Hennepin County Judge Regina Chu (left) swears in former Brooklyn Center police officer Kimberly Potter before she testifies in court on Dec. 17 at the Hennepin County Government Center in Minneapolis.
Court TV, via AP, pool

The former Brooklyn Park police officer, who said she confused her handgun for her Taser when she killed Daunte Wright, will be sentenced in February after a jury convicted her Thursday on two counts of manslaughter.

The most serious charge against Kimberly Potter — first-degree manslaughter — carries a maximum penalty of 15 years in prison. Here's how her sentencing could play out:

The charges

After roughly 27 hours of deliberation over four days, a jury found Potter guilty of both first-degree manslaughter and second-degree manslaughter in the April 11 killing of Wright, a Black motorist. For first-degree manslaughter, prosecutors had to prove Potter caused Wright's death while recklessly handling a firearm in a way that death or great bodily harm to any person was reasonably foreseeable.

The second-degree manslaughter charge required prosecutors to prove Potter caused his death "by her culpable negligence," meaning that Potter "caused an unreasonable risk and consciously took a chance of causing death or great bodily harm" to Wright.

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signs in support of Daunte Wright
Protesters gather with signs honoring Daunte Wright outside the Hennepin County Government Center after a jury found former Brooklyn Center police officer Kimberly Potter guilty of both manslaughter charges brought against her in Minneapolis on Thursday.
Tim Evans for MPR News

What sentence is possible?

Under Minnesota statutes, Potter, who is white, will be sentenced only on the most serious charge of first-degree manslaughter. That's because both of the charges against her stem from one act, with one victim.

The maximum for that charge is 15 years. But state sentencing guidelines call for much less. For someone with no criminal history like Potter, the guidelines range from just more than six years to about 8 1/2 years, with the presumptive sentence being slightly over seven years.

Prosecutors have said they would seek a sentence above the guideline range, while the defense said they would seek no prison time. In order for Hennepin County Judge Regina Chu to issue a sentence that's outside the guideline range, she would first have to find either mitigating or aggravating factors. Both sides are expected to file written arguments.

Possible aggravating factors

Prosecutors say aggravating factors in Potter's case include that she caused a greater-than-normal danger to the safety of other people when she fired into the car, including danger to her fellow officers, to Wright's passenger and to the couple whose car was struck by Wright's after the shooting.

Wright's passenger, Alayna Albrecht-Payton, told the court she still suffers from the effects of the broken jaw she sustained in the crash after the shooting. Denise Lundgren Wells, whose father was in the car that Wright's struck, said her father had health issues before the crash, but that they accelerated after it happened. He's now in his 80s and in hospice care.

Prosecutors also say Potter abused her authority as a police officer.

two attorneys and a defendant listen to a verdict in court
Former Brooklyn Center police officer Kimberly Potter (right) listens with attorney Earl Gray as Judge Regina Chu reads the guilty verdict in her manslaughter trial on Thursday.
Screenshot via Court TV

Possible mitigating factors

Defense attorney Paul Engh said the defense would be seeking a "dispositional departure" from sentencing guidelines.

Under state statutes, a mitigated dispositional departure occurs when guidelines recommend a prison sentence, but a judge allows the sentence to be "stayed" — meaning the defendant doesn't go to prison. Instead, the defendant is put on probation, home monitoring or possibly sent to the local jail, said Marsh Halberg, a Minneapolis attorney who is not connected to the case. A defendant would be sent to prison if conditions set by the court are violated.

In arguing that Potter should remain free on bail until she is sentenced, Engh said: "She is amenable to probation. Her remorse and regret for the incident is overwhelming. She's not a danger to the public whatsoever. She's made all her court appearances."

Chu was unmoved, and Potter was taken into custody after the verdicts were read.

Halberg said the defense has a lot to work with, because Potter has no prior record and is remorseful. The defense can also make the argument that as a police officer, Potter's confinement would likely be harsher than most because of the need to keep her safe. The former Minneapolis police officer convicted in George Floyd's death, Derek Chauvin, has been in solitary confinement for that reason.

A judge sp
Judge Regina Chu speaks during jury selection in the Kimberly Potter manslaughter trial on Dec. 1 in Minneapolis.
Screenshot of Court TV video

What might Chu do?

Minnesota's sentencing guidelines were created to establish consistent sentences that don't consider factors such as race or gender.

In determining a final sentence, Chu will consider the arguments made by both sides, as well as victim impact statements. She has also ordered a pre-sentence investigation of Potter.

Potter can make a statement at her sentencing hearing — a time when judges are typically looking to see if a person takes responsibility for the crime or shows remorse.

Halberg said it's unlikely Chu would sentence Potter below the guideline range, saying: "We live in such a politicized climate now for decisions."

He predicted Chu would go above what guidelines suggest, or sentence her to the top range.

"If you stay within the box as far as the sentences being reasonable, it's a pretty hard thing to argue on appeal," he said.

an attorney's arm around a cop on trial
Attorney Earl Gray (left) and Kimberly Potter listen while Judge Regina Chu reads the jury's verdict in Potter's manslaughter trial on Thursday.
Screenshot via Court TV

How long could Potter serve?

No matter what sentence Potter gets, in Minnesota it's presumed that a defendant with good behavior will serve two-thirds of their penalty in prison and the rest on supervised release, commonly known as parole.

That means if Potter is sentenced to the presumptive seven years, she would likely serve about four years and nine months behind bars, and the rest on supervised release. Once on supervised release, she could be sent back to prison if she violates conditions of parole. If she gets the maximum 15 years, she could be behind bars for 10 before being placed on parole.

Potter was sent to the state women's prison in Shakopee after the jury returned its verdicts. Nicholas Kimball, a spokesman with the state Department of Corrections, said that in some cases, particularly those that are higher profile, people are transferred directly to the state prison as they await sentencing.

The same thing happened for Chauvin. He went directly to the state's maximum-security prison as he awaited sentencing for murder. He was ultimately sentenced to 22 1/2 years — above the guideline range — after a judge found aggravating factors in Floyd's death.