Stocks rise, capping down week

Traders work on the floor of the NYSE
Traders work on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange after the opening bell November 7, 2008 in New York City. Stocks were up in morning trading during another volatile week on Wall Street.
Mario Tama/Getty Images

After two days of steep losses, the stock market closed higher.

The advance came despite a worse-than-expected October unemployment report and deep losses reported by both Ford and General Motors.

The Dow gained 248 points to 8,943. The index was down 4.1 percent for the week.

The S&P 500 rose nearly 26 points to 930. The Nasdaq composite was up nearly 39 points to 1,647.

Advancing issues topped decliners by a 7 to 3 margin on the New York Stock Exchange.

Volume on the NYSE came to 4.7 billion shares. Some 1.9 billion shares changed hands on the Nasdaq stock market.


The nation's unemployment rate is at a 14-year high, General Motors reported a massive third-quarter loss and says it may run out of cash next year, and Ford is planning more job cuts after burning through billions of its own.

The evidence continues to roll in that the U.S. economy is in a recession.

Another 240,000 jobs were cut last month as the jobless rate zoomed to 6.5 percent from 6.1 percent in September, the Labor Department said Friday. Last month's rate matched the reading from March 1994.

Unemployment has now surpassed the high seen after the last recession in 2001. The jobless rate peaked at 6.3 percent in June 2003.

Meanwhile, General Motors Corp. said it lost $2.5 billion in the third quarter and warned that it could run out of cash in 2009. The automaker also said it has suspended talks to acquire Chrysler, and that its cash burn for the quarter accelerated to $6.9 billion due to the severe U.S. auto sales slump.

People walk through a store in New York City
People walk through a clothing store in New York City. As Americans grow increasingly concerned about jobs and more pessimistic about the business environment.
Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Ford Motor Co. said it lost $129 million in the third quarter, went through $7.7 billion in cash, and will cut about 2,260 more jobs in its North American salaried work force.

Still, investors seemed attracted by stock prices beaten down the past two sessions.

On the crucial jobs front, the situation is likely to move from bad to worse next year. October's decline marked the 10th straight month of payroll reductions, and government revisions showed that job losses in August and September turned out to be much deeper.

Employers cut 127,000 positions in August, compared with 73,000 previously reported. A whopping 284,000 jobs were axed in September, compared with the 159,000 jobs first reported.

So far this year, a staggering 1.2 million jobs have disappeared.

Racing to assemble his new Democratic Cabinet, President-elect Barack Obama will huddle with economic advisers later on Friday. His team has been in close contact with the Bush administration to pave the way for a smooth hand-off of power.

Many expect the jobless rate to climb to 8 percent, possibly higher, next year. In the 1980-1982 recession, the unemployment rate rose as high as 10.8 percent before inching down.

Stressed consumers are cutting back on their shopping and trying to trim their debt. Economists believe consumers cut back on borrowing in September, as another report to be released Friday is expected to show.

Nearly half a million Americans filed new claims for unemployment benefits in the last week alone, and skittish shoppers handed many retailers their weakest sales since 1969, government reports out Thursday showed.

The Labor Department said new filings for jobless benefits clocked in at 481,000, a dip from the previous week but a still-elevated level that suggests companies are resorting to big layoffs to cope with the economy's downturn.

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc., Circuit City Stores Inc., drug maker GlaxoSmithKline PLC, chip maker Advanced Micro Devices Inc., auto parts maker Dana Holding Corp., cable operators Comcast Corp. and Cox Communications Inc. and Fidelity Investments are among the companies that recently have announced layoffs.

To provide fresh relief, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said Democrats, in a lame-duck session later this month, would push to enact another round of economic stimulus to provide more relief, which could include extending jobless benefits.

A $168 billion package, including tax rebates for people and tax breaks for businesses, was rolled out earlier this year. Short of a package of $100 billion or more, the House could press the Senate to pass a smaller $61 billion measure that would bankroll public works projects to help generate new jobs and would extend unemployment benefits.

Companies are begging for help, too. The leaders of General Motors, Ford and Chrysler and the president of the United Auto Workers union came to Capitol Hill to discuss billions of dollars more in financial help.

Reeling from layoffs and watching their wealth shrink as home values and nest eggs have been clobbered, shoppers turned extra frugal last month and sent sales at many retailers down sharply.

Michael P. Niemira, chief economist at the International Council of Shopping Centers, summed up the situation as "awful."

According to the ICSC-Goldman Sachs index, sales fell 1 percent, the weakest October performance since at least 1969 when the index began.

Target Corp. and Costco were among the many retailers reporting sales declines last month. Even teens stayed away from malls. American Eagle Outfitters Inc. and Abercrombie & Fitch Co. reported drops in sales.

But Wal-Mart Stores Inc., the world's largest retailer, logged a sales gain as shoppers hunted for bargains.

The Federal Reserve ratcheted down interest rates last week to 1 percent and left the door open to further reductions in a bid to prevent a drawn out recession in the United States.

The country's economic state has rapidly deteriorated in just a few months. The economy contracted at a 0.3 percent pace in the July-September quarter, signaling the onset of a likely recession. It was the worst showing since 2001 recession, and reflected a massive pullback by consumers.

As U.S. consumers watch jobs disappear, they'll probably retrench even further.

That's why analysts predict the economy is still shrinking in the current October-December quarter and will contract further in the first quarter of next year. All that more than fulfills a classic definition of a recession: two straight quarters of contracting economic activity.

(Copyright 2008 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)

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