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Timeline: The shooting death of Philando Castile

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Philando Castile
Philando Castile in an undated photo. He was shot and killed July 6, 2016, by a St. Anthony police officer.
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Updated: June 14, 2017 | Posted: July 10, 2016

A St. Anthony police officer shot and killed an African-American man during a traffic stop July 6, 2016, in Falcon Heights with much of the bloody aftermath captured on Facebook Live.

The man killed was identified by family members as Philando Castile, 32, a cafeteria supervisor at J.J. Hill Montessori School in St. Paul.

July 6, 2016

Around 9 p.m., Philando Castile is shot behind the wheel of a car in Falcon Heights after being pulled over by an officer from St. Anthony. 

Scene of the shooting
Investigators mark the vehicle that Philando Castile was in when he was shot and killed.
Christopher Juhn for MPR News 2016

Castile's girlfriend — Diamond Reynolds — and her young daughter are also in the car, but are not injured. 

Reynolds films and posts the aftermath of the shooting on Facebook. She later says, "I wanted everyone across America ... to know that our people, our police, who are supposed to serve and protect us, are the ones that are killing us."

The video goes viral.

July 7, 2016

Protesters gather at the governor's residence in St. Paul overnight, place police tape around the gates and chant "No justice, no peace! Prosecute the police! Wake up!"

Protesters gather outside of Governor's Mansion.
Protesters gather outside of the governor's residence July 7, 2016, on Summit Avenue in St. Paul.
Christopher Juhn for MPR News 2016

Later that morning, Gov. Mark Dayton says he's pressing for a federal investigation. He speaks at a news conference alongside Reynolds, Minneapolis NAACP President Nekima Levy-Pounds, the Rev. Danny Givens and Clarence Castile, Philando's uncle.

That afternoon, the governor calls the police shooting of Castile a "terrible tragedy" that's befallen all of Minnesota and said he believed Castile would not have been shot if he was white.

More than a thousand people gather early in the evening at J.J. Hill Montessori School in remembrance of Castile, and scores of people head back toward the governor's mansion.

The state Bureau of Criminal Apprehension sends a late-night statement identifying the officer who fired the fatal shots as Jeronimo Yanez, a four-year veteran of the St. Anthony Police Department. He and Officer Joseph Kauser, who was also working the traffic stop, are placed on administrative leave.

The crowd at the governor's residence.
Protesters assemble in front of the governor's residence July 7, 2016. They marched from J. J. Hill Montessori School and then organized in front of the governor's mansion where activists spoke.
Christopher Juhn for MPR News 2016

July 8, 2016

One person is arrested early in the morning when a small group breaks away from an otherwise-peaceful protest, breaking the windows of a Grand Avenue business and an unoccupied police car.

Ramsey County Attorney John Choi urges calm and says he hasn't decided whether to seek a grand jury in the shooting case.

July 9, 2016

The attorney representing Yanez says the shooting had nothing to do with race. 

"What drove this incident was the presence of a gun," says Tom Kelly.

Meanwhile, demonstrators march and rally in Minneapolis and St. Paul for racial justice. 

Later that evening, protesters block Interstate 94 in both directions in St. Paul. 

The demonstration turns violent after police fire chemical irritants at the crowd and some protesters throw objects like rocks and bottles at officers. 

July 10, 2016

More than 100 are arrested following the protests: 50 at I-94 and another 52 for public nuisance and unlawful assembly around 4 a.m. at Grand Avenue and Dale Street. 

Protesters stand and sit on I-94.
Protesters stand and sit on Interstate 94 against police orders July 9, 2016.
Christopher Juhn for MPR News 2016

Police also say 21 officers were hurt in the protests, though none seriously.

Black Lives Matter leaders and some witnesses on the scene say the violence started with just a few people who don't represent the movement. 

July 11, 2016

Forty-six people are charged with third-degree riot for the I-94 protest.

July 12, 2016

The Castile family attorney says the family will pursue a civil lawsuit and press for change at the Legislature in the way police are vetted and trained.

Valerie Castile at a press conference on Tuesday.
Valerie Castile, center, listens as Glenda Hatchett speaks during a press conference July 12, 2016.
Evan Frost | MPR News 2016

July 13, 2016

More than three dozen protesters block traffic on southbound Interstate 35W near downtown Minneapolis during the morning rush. Forty-one are arrested.  

Protesters hold hands across 35-W South.
Protesters hold hands across Interstate 35W south in Minneapolis July 13, 2016.
Evan Frost | MPR News 2016

July 14, 2016

Family, friends and members of the public mourn Castile during his visitation and funeral at the Cathedral of St. Paul. 

Funeral of Philando Castile
Family and friends walk behind the horse-drawn carriage during the funeral procession for Philando Castile July 14, 2016.
Caroline Yang for MPR News 2016

The day starts with a procession from the Brooks Funeral Home to the cathedral.

July 26, 2016

Nearly 50 people are arrested after police clear protesters from outside the governor's mansion. For the last three weeks, demonstrators had been camping outside the governor's residence to protest the shooting. 

Police arrest Summit Avenue protesters
Arrested protesters line up on the sidewalk outside the governor's residence in St. Paul July 26, 2016.
Peter Cox | MPR News 2016

July 27, 2016

More protesters are arrested after a late-night standoff on Summit Avenue in front of the governor's residence.

July 29, 2016

Ramsey County Attorney John Choi names an outside attorney, former Hamline University law school dean Don Lewis,  to aid him in decisions tied to the case.

Aug. 24, 2016

Soon after returning to work, the officer who shot Castile goes back on administrative leave. 

In a statement, the city of St. Anthony said it decided to put Officer Jeronimo Yanez back on leave "after reviewing concerns and other feedback from the community."

Sept. 28, 2016

State authorities say they've they've completed their investigation and turned over their findings to Ramsey County Attorney John Choi.

Nov. 16, 2016

Choi announces his decision to charge Yanez with second-degree manslaughter and two felony counts for dangerous discharge of a firearm near the passengers in the car.

Officer Jeronimo Yanez at Law Enforcement Memorial
Officer Jeronimo Yanez takes part in the Standing of the Memorial Guard event as part of Law Enforcement Memorial Day and National Peace Officer's Day in May 2014.
City of St. Anthony

Minnesota law justifies the use of deadly force by a police officer, Choi said, only when it's necessary to protect the officer or others from great bodily harm or death. He said the use of Yanez's use of force was not justified. 

Choi also said he didn't think it would be right to ask a grand jury to decide the issue, when "I know in my heart what needs to be done." "No reasonable officer, knowing, seeing and hearing what Officer Yanez did at the time would have used deadly force under these circumstances."

Dec. 14, 2016

Attorneys for Yanez file a motion to dismiss the charges, saying the evidence shows a lack of probable cause. 

They argue Castile was negligent in his own death because he was driving while high and did not follow Yanez's commands.

Dec. 15, 2016

The Department of Justice announces it's launched an "independent and comprehensive assessment" of the St. Anthony Police Department.

The city will become the 16th nationally to enter into a collaborative reform process with the department's Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, which works to help police departments around the country advance community policing.

Dec. 22, 2016

Yanez's attorneys file a motion asking for a new judge to preside over the trial.

Ramsey County Judge Edward Wilson was appointed to preside over the trial earlier in the week. 

Under state law, prosecutors and defense attorneys may each remove one judge without cause as long as it's within seven days of the judge's initial appointment. Future judges can only be removed for cause.

Jan. 4, 2017

A new judge, William Leary III, is assigned to the case.

Leary was appointed by Gov. Jesse Ventura in 2002. He was re-elected to his seat for the third time in an uncontested race last year.

He's served on civil and criminal courts in Ramsey County, and was chair of the Office of Conciliation at the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis, which was started in 1973 to mediate conflicts between parties in the archdiocese.  

Jan. 18, 2017

Officer Jeronimo Yanez
Booking photo for St. Anthony police officer Jeronimo Yanez
Ramsey County Sheriff's Office

A month after defense attorneys asked that charges against Yanez be dropped, Ramsey County prosecutors in their response argue that Yanez's conduct during the traffic stop was a deviation from what a "reasonable officer" would've done.

They ask Judge Leary to reject the motion to dismiss, saying the facts in the case "can only be resolved by a jury at trial."

Feb. 7, 2017

Defense attorneys for Yanez, who have already asked for charges to be dismissed, file a memo arguing that the officer's actions were justified because Castile reached for his gun. 

The memo also argues against the prosecution's earlier assertion that Yanez didn't conduct the proper type of traffic stop in the case. The officer's attorneys say Yanez suspected Castile had been involved in an earlier robbery, but needed to take a good look at him first, so he stopped him for a broken brake light.

Feb. 15, 2017

In a pre-trial hearing, Judge Leary clears the path for the trial to move forward, setting a Feb. 27 hearing  for Yanez to make a plea in the case.

Yanez's attorneys, in asking for charges to be dismissed, had argued that Castile disobeyed the officer's order not to reach for a gun that he had in the car with him. They contend that Yanez shot Castile because he saw the gun and feared for his life.

"[Yanez] had a right to carry a gun, he had a right to stop the car, he had a right to investigate," defense attorney Paul Engh said in court Wednesday. "There is no right to disobey the orders of a police officer during a traffic stop."

The judge rejected an argument from the defense that Castile had not followed the officer's orders. A "victim's unreasonable conduct is never an absolute defense to a criminal charge," he added.

Feb. 27, 2017

In a hearing that lasted less than four minutes, St. Anthony police officer Jeronimo Yanez pleads not guilty to all the charges filed against him.

Yanez, 28, faces a second-degree manslaughter charge for fatally shooting Philando Castile, 32, during a traffic stop in the Twin Cities suburb of Falcon Heights. He also faces two felony firearms charges for firing his gun into the car, where Castile's girlfriend, Diamond Reynolds, and her young daughter were sitting.

Yanez walked into the courtroom flanked by his three attorneys. He spoke clearly and loudly when he answered Ramsey County District Judge William Leary III's questions about waiving his right to have the criminal complaint read in court.

"Your honor, I waive that right," he said.

And: "Your honor, I plead 'not guilty,'" when the judge outlined the charges against him.

Leary set a trial date of May 30. Yanez is not in custody and remains on paid administrative leave.

March 15, 2017

Defense attorneys request that the trial be moved out of Ramsey County to Duluth, Hastings, St. Cloud or Brainerd. They argue in the filing that the case has become an "omnipresent spectacle."

"The news stories were, in our reading, slanted against him, written and voiced on the air with nary a mention of due process, the presumption of innocence, the importance of a trial, the jury, or of what the defense will be," according to the filing. 

In other documents filed Tuesday in Ramsey County District Court, Yanez's lawyers requested that Judge William Leary III dismiss the manslaughter charge against him. Defense attorneys filed a similar motion in December, requesting that all charges against Yanez be dropped, but Leary denied the request last month.

The defense has also filed a motion to suppress the statements Yanez made in an interview with state Bureau of Criminal Apprehension agents the day after the shooting. They argue that it doesn't reflect Yanez's earlier statements or the fact that he was mentally and physically exhausted during the interview.

A mural of Philando Castile
On what would have been Philando Castile's 33rd birthday, a mural of Castile was among many paintings created at J.J. Hill Montessori Magnet school in St. Paul, where Castile was employed.
Judy Griesedieck for MPR News 2016

March 29, 2017

Prosecutors file a motion arguing against the defense team's request that the trial be moved out of Ramsey County. They argue that a high level of publicity in a case doesn't automatically qualify a case to be moved.

They argue that many of the stories cited by the defense team about Castile came from media organizations with wide reach into other parts of the state and nationally, not just Ramsey County.

"Simply put, that raises this question: When news reports and electronic social commentary can be readily accessed not just in Minnesota but virtually anywhere in the world as well," according to the filing, "Where can this case be transferred where individuals would not have access to information about this case or those involved, like the defendant and Mr. Castile?"

March 31, 2017

In a new filing, defense attorneys argue that an opinion by a use of force expert the prosecution used to come up with the charges against Yanez, could also be viewed as irrelevant and inadmissible.

The defense team claims that Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension agents told Yanez he was justified in shooting Philando Castile during a July traffic stop.

April 6, 2017

Judge William Leary III denies a request to move the trial. He also denied defense attorneys' earlier request to drop the charges against Jeronimo Yanez.

The defense still has the option to file another motion to move the trial at any time before jurors are seated. Only a handful of criminal trials in Minnesota have been moved from their original location in the last five years.

April 18, 2017

Defense attorneys appeal Judge Leary's decision not to move the trial out of Ramsey County to the Minnesota Court of Appeals.

April 20, 2017

Prosecutors push back against the appeals court request.

April 27, 2017

The Minnesota Court of Appeals rejects the defense's request to move Yanez's trial in the shooting death of Philando Castile.

May 3, 2017

Defense attorneys file a petition asking the Minnesota Supreme Court to issue a ruling on their change of venue request, which has been denied by two lower courts.

"Our motion has its genesis in the comments of Governor Dayton and Ramsey County Attorney (John) Choi and Representative (Keith) Ellison who collectively announced Officer Yanez's deep and unmitigated guilt," attorneys Kelly, Paul Engh and Earl Gray wrote, adding that those comments created a prejudicial environment in Ramsey County.

May 8, 2017

Prosecutors argue in a court filing that the Minnesota Supreme Court should not review a change of venue request in the trial.

May 11, 2017

Defense attorneys want the court to increase the number of jurors they can strike from the case without cause.

That's one of 15 requests in the attorneys' broad pretrial filing made public. They also want the court to hear about Castile's driving record and marijuana use, and allow the officer to reenact parts of what happened that summer night.

Yanez's defense attorneys also made a number of other requests of the court:

• Asking that potential jurors fill out jury questionnaires before the trial is officially set to start so the defense can "conduct independent background checks."

• Allowing the jury to see Castile's car in person, "particularly the position of his seat, the driver's side window and the brake lights."

• Permitting testimony about Castile's record of traffic violations.

• Allowing Yanez to demonstrate for the jury where he was standing in relation to the car, and "why he saw Castile's gun in his right hand."

• Permitting testimony at the trial about Yanez's character.

• Prohibit witnesses from describing attorney Jeffrey Paulsen, who is helping to prosecute the case, by his title of "assistant United States Attorney" during the trial to avoid implying that the federal government is interested in this particular case.

May 30, 2017

Jury selection begins in the trial. 

Jeronimo Yanez and attorney Tom Kelly leave the Ramsey Co. Courthouse.
St. Anthony police officer Jeronimo Yanez, left, and his attorney Tom Kelly, right, leave the Ramsey County Courthouse on May 30, 2017, in St. Paul.
David Joles | Star Tribune via AP

June 2017

June 9, 2017

Yanez takes the stand, telling jurors he was forced to shoot Castile because he was not complying with the officer's commands and was reaching for a gun.

Officer Jeromino Yanez on the witness stand.
Officer Jeromino Yanez on the witness stand June 9, 2017.
Nancy Muellner for MPR News

"I didn't want to shoot Mr. Castile at all," said Yanez, who choked back tears at times during his testimony. "I thought I was going to die," he said, adding that images of his family rushed into his mind. "I had no other choice."   It was the first time the officer had spoken publicly since the shooting.

June 12, 2017

Following closing arguments, the case goes to the jury.

June 15, 2017

Jurors find Yanez not guilty on all counts tied to his shooting and killing of Castile. Protests break out across St. Paul. 

June 20, 2017

The Bureau of Criminal Apprehension releases its massive evidence file for the case, including dashcam video showing the eight seconds in which Yanez's traffic stop of Castile turned tragic.