Hungry goats join the ranks of St. Paul city staff

A goat named Jack stretches form some leaves.
Goats like Jack have strong jaw muscles, tough mouths and special enzymes in their stomachs that make them capable of eating things other animals won't.
Evan Frost | MPR News

The goats are loose in St. Paul, and they have an enemy: invasive plants.

A herd of about three dozen goats took to the bluffs at Indian Mounds Regional Park on Tuesday where they'll start chomping down on plants like buckthorn and garlic mustard.

"They're our fellow city staff for the next two seasons," said Angie Tillges of St. Paul's Great River Passage plan.

The release of the goats brought out a crowd of young kids wanting to see the animals do their thing, and that was the point.

Children watch goats arrive.
Children watch as more than 30 goats are released.
Evan Frost | MPR News

"Part of this is it draws people's attention to these natural spaces along the river, teaches the public a bit about what invasive species are," Tillges said "Hopefully [it] gets people interested."

Local news media took the bait. One of the 10 or so reporters strapped a GoPro onto a goat.

A goat munches on weeds.
A goat munches on weeds.
Evan Frost | MPR News

The animals come from a Faribault-based goat-rental company called Goat Dispatch. They'll work in regional parks around the Mississippi River into the fall. They'll spend about a month at each park, Tillges said, and return to some spots for a repeat grazing.

Hiring out grazing goats has many benefits. First off, they're cheap — about half the cost for this project, according to Tillges.

Goats jam the door of their Goat Dispatch Trailer.
Goats push their way out of a trailer as they are released into the woods of Indian Mounds Regional Park in St. Paul.
Evan Frost | MPR News

They're also at home in rugged terrain, such as the bluffs at Indian Mounds. And goats are easier on the environment, which is especially important around the Mississippi watershed.

A day in the life of a grazing goat is a good one.

They don't rise too early, around 8 or 9 in the morning, said Goat Dispatch's Jake Langeslag.

"They'll eat heavily for about a couple hours, then they'll sit down about midday, kind of take a little siesta," Langeslag said. "Then they get back up and eat again."

Goats head for the hills of Indian Mounds Regional Park.
Two goats head for the hills of Indian Mounds Regional Park.
Evan Frost | MPR News

And if the night allows for it, they'll keep on eating.

Langeslag's a trained ecologist, so he knows what the goats will eat.

"They have like a hierarchy," he said. "Our job is to just manage and make sure they're not overeating a site and not undereating."

In the goat food chain, plants like buckthorn and honeysuckle get chomped first. They'll eventually make their way down to grasses, but Langeslag said you probably don't want them to cut your lawn — it wouldn't be cost-effective.

Goats munch on weeds behind an electric fence.
Goats munch on weeds behind a low-voltage electric fence.
Evan Frost | MPR News

Goat Dispatch mostly does bigger projects, like city parks or larger restoration efforts.

But that hasn't stopped people from trying to get the goats out for other jobs. They're popular animals.

"I get a lot of calls for birthday parties, or prom, asking for their date to the prom," Langeslag said. "I don't know what it is with goats lately."

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